On Friday, it was Region 10’s (Upper Demerara-Berbice) opportunity to host the Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics and Spirituality (STEAMS) Fair.The event which forms part of the activities to mark Education Month saw participation from various schools from across the region. It was held under the theme, “Education for a good life, through innovation and STEAMS”. Following a march-past by nursery and primary school students, the programme and exhibition, dubbed ‘STEAMS Explosion’ got underway at the Wismar Market Square.Some of the creative items on display on Friday in Region 10In her welcoming remarks, Regional Education Officer (ag) Keane Adams said while this year’s Education Month activities have encountered many challenges, the region’s Department of Education persisted in hosting the day’s activities. Adams pointed out that the items on display were created by the region’s talented teachers, as she urged all to be inspired by the activities which marked Education Month. “When we are inspired, we are empowered to perform, and this performance will manifest itself through contribution, the elevation of functional literacy in our society and our country as a whole”, she told students.District Education Officer (Nursery) Shivon Greene-Brewster said STEAMS is in fact a future expansion which seeks to include ‘Spirituality’, focusing on the state or quality of being dedicated to God, religion or spiritual things of value. “This year, Spirituality has been incorporated into the event which showcases the innovative skills of the students and teachers from schools at every level.The official objective of this activity is to show that educational activity is fun, showcase the work that the department has done and will continue to do to provide quality education for all,” she noted. Greene-Brewster pointed out that the event, which provided an interactive experience, is also aimed at impacting the lives of parents, teachers, students and the general public.
– trans litigants, Caribbean civil society groups welcome rulingIn a landmark decision which could set the stage for similar rulings, the Trinidad-based Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) has ruled in favour of striking down Guyana’s laws against cross-dressing, saying that the colonial-era law was unconstitutional. After gaining independence from Britain in 1966, Guyana adopted many colonial-era laws, including the 1893 Summary Jurisdiction (Offences) Act that effectively banned men or women from wearing clothing conventionally worn by the opposite gender for “improper purposes”.This section was never clearly defined leaving the door open for constitutional challenges which appellants Quincy “Gulliver” McEwan, Seon “Angel” Clarke, Joseph “Peaches” Fraser and Seyon “Isabella” Persaud mounted against their February 9, 2009 arrest, detention and conviction in Georgetown. After they appealed the law banning their mode of dress, former acting Chief Justice Ian Chang in September 2013 said that while the act of cross dressing was not a crime in itself, when for an “improper purpose”, it constitutes an offence. That ruling was also appealed at Guyana’s Appeal Court, but their case was similarly dismissed in 2017.The four persons who were born male and later opted for a transgendered way of life took their case all the way to the CCJ, citing their treatment was discriminatory, based on their position that the law violated their constitutional rights to equality and non-discrimination and freedom of expression. The Justices of the Trinidad-based authority agreed with the applicants. They, therefore, declared the 1893 law unconstitutional and ordered that it must be struck from the laws of Guyana, a decision which could unsettle many in religious circles.The four transgendered persons had all pleaded guilty to the cross-dressing charge and McEwan, Clarke and Persaud were fined $7500 whereas Fraser was fined $19,500. The then acting Chief Magistrate after imposing the sentence told them that they must go to church and give their lives to Jesus Christ, advising them that they were confused about their sexuality. The judicial officer was still on the bench at the time.In this regard, the CCJ Judges, citing Guyana’s Constitution, adopted a secular view regarding the Magistrate’s comments. “Judicial officers may not use the bench to proselytise, whether before, during or after the conclusion of court proceedings. Secularism is one of the cornerstones upon which the Republic of Guyana rests,” a section of the CCJ’s release noted.The CCJ Judges further said that the cross-dressing section was “highly undemocratic”, making it now acceptable for men to dress as women in Guyana. The Court reasoned that the law violated freedom of expression guaranteed in Guyana’s Constitution.The CCJ panel comprised President Justice Adrian Saunders and Justices Jacob Wit, Winston Anderson, Maureen Rajnauth-Lee and Denys Barrow who “agreed that this law was from a different time and no longer served any legitimate purpose in Guyana”. The newly-appointed Justice Saunders reiterated, “Law and society are dynamic, not static. A Constitution must be read as a whole. Courts should be astute to avoid hindrances that would deter them from interpreting the Constitution in a manner faithful to its essence and its underlying spirit. If one part of the Constitution appears to run up against an individual fundamental right, then, in interpreting the Constitution as a whole, courts should place a premium on affording the citizen his/her enjoyment of the fundamental right, unless there is some overriding public interest.”The Court was of the view that the law was also “unconstitutionally vague” and that it violated the appellants’ right to protection of the law and was contrary to the rule of law. A majority of the Judges, Justices Saunders, Wit and Barrow, also upheld the appeal on the basis that the law resulted in transgendered and gender nonconforming persons being treated unfavourably by criminalising their gender expression and gender identity.Justice Anderson in his judgment was quoted as saying that the law wrongly sought to criminalise a person’s state of mind as there is no test to determine what is an “improper purpose”. Justice Anderson in a separate decision noted that forms of dress by themselves are not objectionable and that “the essence of the crime … appears to consist … entirely of the state of mind of the persons engaged in otherwise perfectly innocent conduct”. He concluded that “our jurisprudence properly accepts that intentions by themselves are not constitutionally the proper subject of the criminal law”.The Society Against Sexual Orientation Discrimination (SASOD), which was initially struck out of the case by CCJ, has nevertheless been fully behind the legal change. Its Managing Director, Joel Simpson hailed the decision as “a clarion call to engage State actors on how the law engenders social and economic exclusion of disadvantaged groups.First-named litigant and co-founder of Guyana Trans United (GTU), McEwan, noted that “the whole trans community in Guyana is very happy”.“I have always said that we should know what the law expects of us before we act and I am pleased that the court agreed that this law is vague.”Persaud, another of the appellants, added, “We are always treated like trash.”Lead counsel Douglas Mendes, SC, described the judgment as one that “will be acknowledged as a significant contribution to Caribbean jurisprudence, especially because of its insistence on the need to give due respect to everyone’s humanity”. Both the Appeal Court and High Court in Guyana had ruled against changing the cross-dressing laws, as several Caribbean countries remain uncertain about making the CCJ their final court.
Klopp has the better of GuardiolaLiverpool’s manager Jurgen Klopp (L) and Manchester City’s manager Pep Guardiola look destined to compete for the sport’s biggest prizes for years to comeJurgen Klopp has beaten Pep Guardiola more times than any other manager, with Tuesday’s 2-1 second-leg win taking the tally to seven victories from 13 meetings.Two German Super Cup triumphs with Borussia Dortmund against Guardiola’s Bayern Munich bolster Klopp’s head-to-head record, but three consecutive successes with Liverpool in the last four months show that the German clearly has the better of his counterpart for now.Even Guardiola said himself before the first leg that the way his City side play is perfect for Liverpool, and apart from a stirring first-half effort from City in the return game, the quarter-final proved exactly that.City still vulnerable after half-timeManchester City captain Vincent Kompany is on the verge of winning his third Premier League titleFor all their possession and excellent attacking football, Guardiola’s City continue to find themselves caught out shortly after the interval.Although Liverpool’s three-goal burst last week came in the opening 45 minutes, they hit City with quickfire goals in the 59th and 61st minutes when they inflicted a first Premier League defeat of the season on the English champions-elect in January.Cruising towards a title celebration in front of their home fans in Saturday’s Manchester derby, City collapsed after the break as Paul Pogba’s 53rd and 55th-minute strikes set Manchester United on their way to a famous 3-2 win.That Achilles heel resurfaced on Tuesday, as after a rousing first-half performance gave them hope, Salah’s 39th goal of the season all but ended the tie 11 minutes into the second period.VAR debate will rumble onMohamed Salah celebrates after scoring Liverpool’s equaliser on the night© AFP PAUL ELLISPerhaps the turning point in the tie came shortly before half-time when Leroy Sane had a potentially crucial second Manchester City goal wrongly ruled out for offside.UEFA president Aleksander Ceferin in February said that video technology would not be introduced for European competitions next season, citing “lots of confusion”.But VAR will be used at the World Cup and is already in place in Serie A and the Bundesliga. The referee and his two assistants in the Liverpool half failed to notice that it was visiting midfielder James Milner who played the ball back to Sane, meaning that the German winger’s goal should have stood.Dzeko finds cracks in Barca armourEdin Dzeko’s early goal set Roma up for a memorable comeback against Barcelona© AFP LLUIS GENEAn incredible season had seen Barcelona go 40 matches unbeaten in La Liga and the Champions League, but Roma summoned a fightback that brought back memories of Barca against Paris Saint-Germain last season.Eusebio Di Francesco’s hosts — 4-1 down from the first leg — attacked from the off, with Edin Dzeko the driving force that finally pushed Barca into submission.His away goal had given Roma a glimmer of hope, and his sixth-minute strike kick-started a memorable night. Barcelona struggled under a barrage of crosses and set-pieces, with first-leg own-goal villains Daniele De Rossi and Kostas Manolas completing the job from a penalty and a corner respectively.Runaway league leaders come unstuckBarcelona’s Argentinian forward Lionel Messi looks on during the UEFA Champions League round of sixteen second leg football match between FC Barcelona and Chelsea FC at the Camp Nou stadium in Barcelona on March 14, 2018.Manchester City and Barcelona are all but certain to wrap up comfortable league titles in England and Spain this season, but both were unceremoniously dumped out of Europe.While opponents have failed to hurt either team domestically, they have found life tougher in the Champions League. Four of City’s seven defeats this season have come in the competition, with the two by Liverpool following losses at the hands of Basel and Shakhtar Donetsk, while Barca collapsed in dramatic style at the Stadio Olimpico.Juventus look set to claim the Serie A title, but head to the Bernabeu on Wednesday facing a 3-0 deficit. French champions-elect Paris Saint-Germain were dumped out by Real Madrid in the last 16.Bayern Munich, already crowned Bundesliga champions, will hope to be the exception to the rule against Sevilla, with a 2-1 lead to defend in Bavaria.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Lionel Messi cut a forlorn figure as he left the Stadio Olimpico pitch after Roma stunned Barcelona© AFP LLUIS GENEPARIS, France, Apr 11 – Roma pulled off one of the greatest Champions League fightbacks to dump Lionel Messi and Barcelona out at the quarter-final stage, while Mohamed Salah continued his remarkable goalscoring form as Liverpool wrapped up victory over Manchester City.Here are five things we learned from the Champions League quarter-final, second legs on Tuesday:
Have you ever watched Ireland’s Fittest Family and thought ‘We could do that?’ Well now is your chance – the call is out for entries 2016.The RTÉ One show will return later this year and the programme makers are looking for entries from Donegal in a bid to find the fittest, fastest and strongest family in the country.Hosted by Mairead Ronan, the fourth season will once again see families compete to be crowned Ireland’s Fittest Family. Be warned – this year the course will be rougher and tougher than ever before BUT the €15,000 cash prize is enough incentive to entice many to enter.If you’re keen you can apply now on the RTÉ website , you can also call (01) 6468224 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.Applications close this Monday, May 30. DD LIFESTYLE: LAST CHANCE TO BE ONE OF TV’S ‘IRELAND’S FITTEST FAMILIES’ was last modified: May 27th, 2016 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:2016donegalentriesIreland’s Fittest Family
Together, they give the Cardinals dominance they lacked in the postseason last fall. “I think every pitcher, if you don’t go out there expecting to win, expecting to do well, then you shouldn’t be going out there,’ Mulder said. “You’ve got to be ready for these situations and you’ve got to thrive on it. You want to go out there for the big game.’ Just like Carpenter, who shrugged off four poor starts with six shutout innings in Game 1, Mulder enters the postseason with question marks. In his last two starts he allowed 10 runs, seven earned, in 5 2/3 innings. Mulder also had a bit of a vampire complex, pitching much better at night than in day games. He was 14-3 in 21 night starts with a 2.26 ERA and 2-5 with a 6.86 ERA in 11 day games. Mulder scoffs at those numbers. He pointed out his last day start Sept. 17 in Chicago was a success, seven innings and one run allowed, but that it got lost in the shuffle because that also was the day the Cardinals clinched the NL Central outright. “I know in the past I’ve always pitched well in day games, I’ve always enjoyed day games, but for some reason this year some have been worse than others,’ he said. “That’s the way it goes sometimes.’ La Russa, perhaps hopefully, points out that game time is 4 p.m. EST. “Every year you can play around with stats, that’s why they’re fun to look at,’ La Russa said. “If it’s kind of between day and night, we’re in good shape.’ The Padres, who likely lost ace Jake Peavy for the postseason with a broken rib on his right side in Game 1, counter with a 35-year-old right-hander who was out of baseball in June before signing a minor league contract. Astacio was 2-8 with a 6.04 ERA in 12 starts with the Texas Rangers before getting released, and the Padres, who picked him up when Adam Eaton was out with a strained right middle finger, are his seventh team in 14 seasons. He was 2-0 with a 1.89 ERA in the final month for the Padres. “He’s been consistent and it looks like he’s gotten in the groove,’ manager Bruce Bochy said. “He’s helped solidify this rotation, and I can’t say enough about the job he’s done since we acquired him.’ Bochy plans to stack his lineup with right-handed hitters to make it more difficult on Mulder, including outfielders Eric Young and Ben Johnson and Xavier Nady at first base. That’s fine with Mulder. “Obviously the more lefties, the better for me,’ Mulder said. “When they throw an all right-handed lineup out there like some teams do, you can kind of get in the groove with certain pitches. Sometimes it helps.’ Peavy, who spent the better part of the day on the training table, remains optimistic he can pitch again with perhaps the help of a numbing injection. He had been the Padres’ probable starter for Game 4 on Sunday, although Bochy said Wednesday now he’d likely go with Eaton. “I think anything’s a possibility now,’ Peavy said. “I feel a little bit better today than I did yesterday and there are some options we’ve talked about all day that may get this thing feeling better.’ 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREThe top 10 theme park moments of 2019 It’s a very big game for the Padres, who will try to avoid going down 2-0 in the best-of-five series before heading home for Game 3 Saturday in San Diego. The Padres will go with Pedro Astacio, who has revived his career after being released by the Rangers earlier this year. For the Cardinals, Mulder gives them an opportunity to put a stronghold on a series that appeared to be the biggest mismatch in the first round of the postseason. “We got him for the six months because you’ve got to qualify for postseason play,’ manager Tony La Russa said. “It’s a great opportunity for him to step up like he has all year long.’ Mulder has 88 victories the last five seasons most of them with Oakland and that ties him with the Angels’ Bartolo Colon for the most in that period. And now that Greg Maddux’s run of 17 straight seasons with at least 15 wins has ended, Mulder has inherited that mantle as the active leader with five in a row. “I’m not thinking about it as the season’s going on, but when you get it and his is over now, sure I take pride in that,’ Mulder said. “Everyone wants to be consistent and he’s the perfect example.’ ST. LOUIS — The St. Louis Cardinals acquired Mark Mulder precisely for what he can provide at this time of the year. The 16-game winner isn’t the ace of the staff, getting the start this afternoon in Game 2 of the division series behind Chris Carpenter. But he’s not far off, having established an enviable run of consistency.
A Ballybofey office requires a book-keeper/secretary for a part-time contract.Accounts experience and office experience are essential for the successful candidate.Please send your CV with references to email@example.com Job vacancy: Office requires book-keeper/secretary was last modified: October 10th, 2016 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
With the good weather forecasted over the next few days, the sun will be shining on volunteers who will be out again as part of the Big Donegal Clean CleanupsClean ups are planned for Ballyliffin, Clonmany, Carndonagh, Glenties, Falcarragh and the Glebe Letterkenny.“This year’s response to the Big Donegal Clean Up has once again been outstanding. The work done by communities across Donegal is tremendous and the results are there for everyone to see” says Suzanne Brogan Waste Awareness Officer with Donegal County Council. A few of the volunteers from the Lurgybrack Text Alert Group who took part in their big Clean up at the weekend.“I would ask those that drop litter without a second thought or dump rubbish illegally, to think again and to remember that every piece of litter dropped or bag of rubbish dumped is not only illegal but is an insult to the great work that is done by people all over Donegal and causes serious damage to our wildlife and environment.“We have been inundated with requests from groups and individuals to take part and it just shows the great sense of pride that people have in their own areas.“We would encourage everyone to do their bit and get involved in a local clean-up. The Council provides bags, pickers and high vis vests and then collects the rubbish from designated points at agreed times”.Some young volunteers who took part in the Big Fanad Clean Up at the weekend which was organised by the Fanad Clean Coasts Group and Fanad Community Group.This weekend’s clean-ups will take place as follows: • Ballyliffin Tidy Towns Friday 19 April, starting at 11am meeting at Pollen Beach Car Park.• Clonmany Tidy Towns are having a big clean up of Urris, Dunaff, Leenan and surrounding areas on Friday 19 April and there are two meeting points; St. Marys Hall, Clonmany and Tiernasligo, Urris at 10am.• Carndonagh Tidy Towns on Friday 19 April, meeting in the Carndonagh Council Offices Car Park at 11.00am• Glenties Tidy Towns and Market Hall Group, are having a their Big Annual Good Friday Clean up on 19 April meeting at the Market Hall, at 10.00am• Falcarragh Clean Coasts are having a clean-up and planting Marram Grass on Drumnatinney Beach on Saturday 20 April at 12.30pm. • Glebe Residents Association is having a clean-up on Sunday 21 April meeting at 11am.Some of the volunteers that took part in a Clean up in Gortahork at the weekend.Sun set to shine on community clean-up volunteers this weekend was last modified: April 18th, 2019 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:cleanupscouncildonegal
Promoter Mick Hennessy has responded to James DeGale’s discontent by vowing to do all he can to secure a world title fight for the Harlesden man.DeGale, who successfully defended his WBC silver super-middleweight title against American Dyah Davis on Saturday, is frustrated at his apparent lack of progress since signing with Hennessy last year.To make matters worse for the 27-year-old, his rival and fellow West Londoner George Groves will take on champion Carl Froch in a world title clash in Manchester this weekend.But Hennessy insists he is capable of delivering big fights for DeGale in the new year.“No-one wants that world title fight to happen more than me. I don’t want James to keep treading water,” he told West London Sport.“I’m going to do my utmost. Absolutely every which way I’m going to try and nail down a world title fight for him.DeGale and Groves could meet again“I’ve got a proven track record for it and I’m going to put that track record to the test.”DeGale, who narrowly lost to Groves on points in 2011, has been touted as a possible future opponent for the winner of Saturday’s all-British showdown.The more likely option seems to be a final eliminator against Mexico’s Marco Antonio Periban for a shot at the WBC’s world champion Sakio Bika.But Hennessy, formerly Froch’s promoter, believes DeGale is capable of beating the Nottingham fighter were they to meet.“I’d prefer him to fight the winner of Froch-Groves and then have a big unification fight with Andre Ward,” Hennessy said.“Carl Froch is a great fighter – determined and strong – but the way to beat him is with hand speed, skill and movement.“James has got all those things and I do believe he has the ability to beat Froch were they to fight.“That’s the preferred route but sometimes you’ve got to take what you can get.”Hennessy added: “I don’t think James should have taken a world title fight earlier – definitely not.“You’ve got to get the right time, when he’s had the right experience, to go into a world title fight.“I can understand James’ frustration, but sometimes patience is a virtue.”See also:DeGale wants Groves clash at Loftus RoadDeGale must prove he is ready for world title shot, says promoterTrainer says DeGale is ‘a million per cent ready’ for world title challengeDeGale weighs in ahead of Davis clashVictory keeps DeGale in line for title shotPromoter will not ‘buckle to pressure’ as DeGale eyes title shotDeGale tells promoter to deliver title fightDeGale in line for world title eliminator James DeGale v Dyah Davis as it happenedDeGale keen to put on ‘wicked’ 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Dave Feldman is building a new house near Boston, Massachusetts, that will have a walkout basement with a tile floor. His goal is to have the floor comfortably warm in this Climate Zone 5 locale even in the dead of winter. Feldman plans to insulate the basement walls with closed-cell spray polyurethane foam. For insulation below the slab, Feldman is considering two types of rigid foam insulation—expanded polystyrene (EPS) and extruded polystyrene (XPS)—as well as closed-cell spray polyurethane foam. He’s uncertain whether to insulate the slab with 2 inches of foam (which he estimates at R-10 to R-14) or invest in 4 inches of foam and double the R-value.RELATED ARTICLESDetermining Sub-Slab Rigid Foam ThicknessSub-Slab Mineral WoolHow to Finish Exterior Foundation InsulationPlacing a Concrete Foundation on Rigid Foam InsulationSuperinsulated Slab “I don’t want to waste materials if there’s not a useful impact,” he writes in a post in the Q&A forum, “but [I] also don’t want to skimp on something that’s pretty much impossible to change once the house is up.” His request for feedback is where we begin this Q&A Spotlight. Please, skip the spray foam The spray foam that Feldman has in mind is Demilec’s Heatlok HFO High Lift, which uses a hydrofluoro-olefin (HFO) blowing agent developed by Honeywell. HFOs have a much lower global warming potential than conventional blowing agents, but in Dana Dorsett’s view, spray foam is still a poor insulation choice. “Why?” he asks. “That is some of the lousiest bang/buck going, and one of the least green methods of insulating a framed wall possible, despite using HFO blowing agents. Expensive (financially & environmentally) closed cell foam between framing is a waste.” Dorsett directs Feldman to this article from Fine Homebuilding magazine explaining the basis for his conclusions while suggesting that dense-packed cellulose is the best choice for cavity insulation. “Save the foam budget for continuous exterior insulating sheathing where its performance isn’t being robbed by the low-R wood,” he says. As for the best type of insulation below the slab, Dorsett recommends EPS. Although it has a lower R-value than XPS, its blowing agent is more environmentally benign. “XPS is the least green insulation in common use today, and pound for pound, inch for inch eventually falls to the performance of EPS of equal density, as the HFC blowing agents that give it its first-decade’s performance boost dissipates,” Dorsett writes. “EPS is blown with a low impact pentane variant, most of which escapes the foam and is recaptured at the manufacturing plant. “Not all closed cell spray polyurethane does well under slabs,” Dorsett says, “and it’s the most expensive $/R going.” Two inches of EPS (Type II, Type IX or Type VIII) should be enough, Dorsett says. Citing Building Science Corporation research, Dorsett adds that if Feldman uses reclaimed Type VIII roofing EPS, it may make sense to jump to 4 inches. Other considerations for sub-slab insulation Another consideration is how well spray polyurethane foam would perform under a concrete basement slab. Here, Dorsett isn’t sure it’s the best idea. “Spraying foam directly onto soil or compacted gravel has a somewhat imperfect history,” he writes. “Moisture in the soil can affect the expansion rate/volume, and the temperature of the surface can be quite a bit different from the ambient air temperature, leading to errors in mixture settings, etc.” The quality of spray foam is always subject to site conditions, but these added variables make the result even more difficult to predict. By contrast, rigid foam insulation is produced in a factory where conditions can be controlled precisely. Type II EPS (with a density of 1.5 pounds per cubic foot) is “the single most common material” used to insulate concrete forms, Dorsett says, and has long been used for this purpose under airport runways and roads. Why to avoid spray foam Matt F suggests that Feldman consider polyisocyanurate, possibly reclaimed or seconds, which would make a lot more sense than spray polyurethane foam for basement walls. “You can frame right against the foam board,” Matt F says. “Framing against a spray foam wall makes it challenging not to leave air channels as it is not flat.” Further, Feldman’s stated concerns about indoor air quality suggests that spray foam is a product he should avoid. “The foam tested may pass, but the crew at your house will be running a complex, highly temperature dependent manufacturing process in likely very different conditions than the lab samples were produced,” Matt F says. In new construction, he adds, there is no compelling reason to use spray foam at all. Air-sealing is easier, more effective and cheaper when it’s done at the sheathing, he says, so use rigid foam on the outside. Insulation detail at the footing With excavation in the near future, Feldman also wonders about where the sub-slab insulation should stop at the perimeter—at the edge of the footing, or go over the top of the footing and stop at the foundation wall. Jon R’s replies with a link to an article from the Center for Sustainable Building Research at the University of Minnesota. It includes an illustration showing a layer of rigid foam beneath a basement slab that laps up over the footing and ends where the foundation wall begins. Jon R suggests the polyethylene vapor barrier be brought up a little higher so it can be taped to the wall covering. Also, he adds, put a strip of foam between the wall and the edge of the slab. “We designed our slab/insulation footing detail exactly as Jon R shared,” says Rick Evans. “You may get some funny looks from contractors but it is fine.” He adds that this “seemingly minor detail” is a requirement for Energy Star certification. After he took photos of the installation at his own home Evans got nearly $6,000 in Energy Star rebates. Our expert’s opinion Peter Yost, GBA’s technical director, added these thoughts: I pulled out three questions from this great Q&A exchange that I’d like to address. How much rigid insulation should be placed below the concrete basement slab? The key points from the Building Science Corp. resource—High R-Value Enclosures for High Performance Residential Buildings in All Climate Zones (see the link above)—are these: Even though some field research and new modeling does a better job with predicting heat loss from slabs to soil, quantifying savings with different levels of insulation is still very difficult and uncertain. Modeling ground-coupled heat loss to an infinite sink (the earth) is as much art as it is science. While we may not be able to identify the financial “sweet spot” for sub-slab R-value (energy savings), some level of insulation is required for moisture control and thermal comfort. R-7.5 makes sense for slab temperature addressing moisture and comfort, even if there is uncertainty on quantifying energy savings associated with different levels of sub-slab insulation. What type of rigid insulation to use under the basement concrete slab? Dana Dorsett and others covered this topic well, with the correct type of EPS leading the pack, but I do want to emphasize this from the BSC drawing at the top of this column: Moisture barrier (polyethylene) location, between the concrete slab and rigid insulation, is key. Free-draining gravel between the soil and all layers above is also imperative. These components are critical in protecting both the rigid insulation and the concrete slab from taking up soil moisture. And, of course, rigid polyiso insulation is not an option because it can absorb much more water than either EPS or XPS. What is the best approach at the intersection of the slab, the footing, and the below-grade foundation wall? We always want to pull highly conductive elements such as concrete walls, footings, and slabs either completely in or completely out. The BSC illustration with the turned-up slab insulation pushes out the basement wall and footing completely relative to the insulation layer. The entire slab is pulled in relative to the insulation. -Scott Gibson is a contributing writer at Green Building Advisor and Fine Homebuilding magazine.
While India get set to take on Thailand in a grudge match at the Ambedkar Stadium on Wednesday, having lost to the visitors in Bangkok last week, skipper Bhaichung Bhutia will be absent from the starting line-up once again.The influential striker is yet to recover fully from the recurrence of the thyroid-related problems that laid him low in Portugal. National coach Bob Houghton believes Bhutia’s absence will provide the young strikers in the team another chance to showcase their mettle in front of Houghton’s favourite Ambedkar Stadium crowd.Thai coach Bryan Robson (left) with his counterpart Bob Houghton on Tuesday.It is no secret that Houghton considers the venue to be a lucky hunting-ground for his team and two back-to-back Nehru Cup triumphs in 2007 and 2009 and the victory in the AFC Challenge Cup in 2008 bears testimony to his belief.The upbeat Thailand side is placed 34 ranks above India at 104th spot in the latest FIFA rankings, and Houghton believes it is time the youngsters in the team took the responsibility of finding the net off Bhutia’s shoulders.”Although I would have loved to play Bhutia, he is not match-fit yet. He is training with us, but he has lost a lot of weight and it will take some time before he gets back to full fitness. He is definitely a big influence on the team and it is not easy, but we must learn to play without him because he will finish some day.”Whoever has managed the Indian team knows what his contribution to the team is, but looking at the positive side, we have young talents in our ranks and now is the time for them to grab the opportunity and deliver. This exposure might end up helping the youngsters when we travel to Doha in 2011 and they might have to face the Asian powerhouses on a big stage like the Asian Cup,” the Briton said.advertisement”As for tomorrow’s match, Mohammed Rafi will start upfront with Sunil Chhetri. We also have Sushil Kumar Singh, Baljit Sahni and Abhishek Yadav in our ranks, so there are plenty of options up front and, even if we don’t get to test everyone tomorrow, we will definitely give them all a fair share of match practice ahead of the Asian Cup in January.”Although the Indian players kept their composure and were up to the challenge against a highly-skilled Thailand side on Saturday, the failure of the strikers to go for the kill cost them the match.Houghton, though, squashed all rumours that he wasn’t happy with the performance of his central midfielders on Saturday and reiterated that both Climax Lawrence and Steven Dias were making a comeback after an injury lay-off, which is why they were a bit rusty to start off with.”I am not at all disappointed as both Climax and Dias were making a comeback after injury layoffs and the heavy outfield didn’t make it any easier for them. Rather than disappointment, I feel the fact that they played for most of the match will help when we play the upcoming matches. In fact, Climax will lead the team in Bhutia’s absence,” he said.Commenting on Thailand’s strengths, Houghton said: ” hey are skilful players who are exceptionally good in the midfield. Their problem starts inside the penalty area. Their lack of height creates a problem when it comes to scoring or defending. But their passing game is on par with that of any other top football playing nation.”Thailand coach Bryan Robson will field a mix of senior and junior players on Wednesday as he tries to scout young talent in the lead up to the Asian Games in November, where they will have to field an under-23 side.”We are basically building a side for the Asian Games. So I will field only five or six senior players and it will be a perfect blend of youth and experience.But I am sure that my boys will provide tough challenge to the Indians,” he said.”Just because I am fielding a youngish side doesn’t mean that we will be taking it easy. We will fight it out till the end and whichever side converts the chances will win.”