whatsapp Tags: NULL Enterprise Inns signals dividend return whatsapp John Dunne Share Britain’s biggest pubs group Enterprise Inns said it was confident of resuming dividend payments in the medium term after reporting full-year results in line with expectationsEnterprise, which has 6,820 pubs across Britain, made a pre-tax profit before exceptional items of £175M in the year to 30 September, down from £208m the year before.“We have delivered creditable results, hard won stability and genuine operational improvements in difficult circumstances,” said Chief Executive Ted Tuppen.“The economic environment is set to remain challenging and we do not underestimate the impact of the government’s austerity measures and fiscal tightening which will affect both our licensees and their customers,” he said. Read This NextRicky Schroder Calls Foo Fighters’ Dave Grohl ‘Ignorant Punk’ forThe WrapCNN’s Brian Stelter Draws Criticism for Asking Jen Psaki: ‘What Does theThe WrapDid Donald Trump Wear His Pants Backwards? Kriss Kross Memes Have AlreadyThe WrapHarvey Weinstein to Be Extradited to California to Face Sexual AssaultThe WrapPink Floyd’s Roger Waters Denies Zuckerberg’s Request to Use Song in Ad:The Wrap’The View’: Meghan McCain Calls VP Kamala Harris a ‘Moron’ for BorderThe Wrap’Sex and the City’ Sequel Series at HBO Max Adds 4 More ReturningThe WrapNewsmax Rejected Matt Gaetz When Congressman ‘Reached Out’ for a JobThe Wrap2 HFPA Members Resign Citing a Culture of ‘Corruption and Verbal Abuse’The Wrap Ad Unmute by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastUndoSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesUndoBlood Pressure Solution4 Worst Blood Pressure MedsBlood Pressure SolutionUndomoneycougar.comThis Proves The Osmonds Weren’t So Innocentmoneycougar.comUndoTaonga: The Island FarmThe Most Relaxing Farm Game of 2021. No InstallTaonga: The Island FarmUndoAlphaCute30 Rules That All “Hells Angels” Have To FollowAlphaCuteUndothedelite.comNetflix Cancellations And Renewals: The Full List For 2021thedelite.comUndoBlood Pressure For LifeWhy Doctors May No Longer Prescribe Blood Pressure MedsBlood Pressure For LifeUndoLiver HealthAdvertisement 1 Bite of This Melts Belly And Arm Fat (Take Before Bed)Liver HealthUndo Show Comments ▼ Tuesday 16 November 2010 3:20 am
“This was known to all players in the gaming market, such as (Swedish regulator) Spelinspektionen, us and the government, but unfortunately the government persisted in the erroneous claim that online casinos would have increased and special restrictions were therefore called for that form of gaming.” Regions: Europe Nordics Sweden Sweden’s BOS blasts extension of online casino controls Despite the government saying this would further reduce the risks for vulnerable consumers, the BOS has criticised the proposals, noting how the measures were originally introduced of an expected spike in online casino gambling during the Covid-19 pandemic, something it said did not occur. Swedish operator association Branscheforenigen för Onlinespel (BOS) has hit out at the government’s proposals to extend temporary controls for online casino until June 2021, and called for the measures to be withdrawn. The government’s memorandum sets out plans to extend the controls in order to help protect players during the novel coronavirus (Covid-19) crisis, with positive cases continuing to rise in the country. “The government throws Swedish gaming consumers out of the licensing system and into a market where consumer protection is zero.” Secondly, BOS said the restrictions could force players to offshore operators that do not hold a licence in Sweden and would therefore not be required to follow the Covid-19 measures. 10th November 2020 | By Robert Fletcher Topics: Legal & compliance Regulation Tags: BOS Covid-19 Other measures include users having to set limits on playing time when playing online casino games or slot machines, while all igaming bonuses are currently limited to SEK100. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter First, high-volume players would move between different operators to avoid the deposit limit measure, which would make it difficult for operators to monitor the player’s behaviour. BOS, which has been opposed to the measures since they were first proposed in April, said the consequences of extending such restrictions would have two major, negative impacts. What the leak is today and what will happen to the extended restriction is a scary thought. Regulation Temporary controls were imposed from 2 July and were due to run until the end of the year, with Swedish players facing a range restrictions such as a SEK5,000 (£439.20/€490.00/$580.30) weekly deposit limit. “Online casinos stood still, and sports betting decreased dramatically due to cancelled matches; instead, it was games on horses that increased dramatically,” BOS secretary general Gustaf Hoffstedt said. Email Address “Even before the first restrictions were introduced this summer, the leakage from the Swedish licensing system was 25% for online casinos,” Hoffstedt said. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter
LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Perhaps the most pleasing aspect of the win was Ben Youngs’s performance. Two tries on his 100th cap was the ultimate way to silence the din on social media. His second try – beating four defenders with a dummy and 20-metre dash – will have been particularly pleasing.Related: Ben Youngs marks 100th England cap with two triesFrance are genuinely, really, finally backOver the past ten years, this column has stated that French Test rugby is back on an almost yearly basis. Only for it to perform a Boris Johnson-like U-turn. But, and it is official, French Test rugby really is back now. Never in the past decade has the France team performed at such a consistently creative level and it is fantastic for the game.If you’re under the age of 30, you may wonder what all of the fuss is about when it comes to French rugby. But in the 1980s and early 1990s they were creative rugby. The All Blacks have always been the performance benchmark, but the French were the artistic barometer.To see Romain Ntamack and Antoine Dupont play as they do creates genuine happiness. But this French team are about more than a once-in-a-generation half-back combo; they have the spine and depth to mount a legitimate World Cup challenge.The real gem is arguably Arthur Vincent in the centre. His ability to soak up any problems in midfield, with and without the ball, is the real glue in that back-line and something that all the best teams have access to.For France to have won the title would have taken something that even 2020 would have regarded as a weird outlier, but the manner in which they beat Ireland would have impressed French supporters. Very solid set-piece, control of the breakdown and an impressive 12 line breaks meant France were exerting pressure at all times, in all areas of the field.France are back and this time it’s real.The All Blacks bitThe All Blacks are better than your team. A lot better. Especially Richie Mo’unga. Nothing more to add.Pocock, the NFL rugby playerOctober saw David Pocock announce his retirement and cement his position as arguably the greatest ‘fetcher’ of the ball that the game has ever seen. There are breeds of dog that have been genetically cross-bred for thousands of years that can’t fetch stuff from the ground as well as Pocock.Sam Warburton, half-man, half-mollusc himself, said he was the strongest player that he’s ever encountered over the ball. And when you think of the players with whom Warburton’s career crossed that paints a very clear picture of Pocock’s ability. Some may see it as a slight to suggest that Pocock was primarily a ‘fetcher’; he did after all play six, seven and eight for the Wallabies – a feat that only the very best back-row forwards ever achieve. It’s just that Pocock’s ability over the ball was so profound that it was akin to an NFL player in its specialism and its brilliance.Pocock made a massive impact on the pitch and will continue to do the same off the pitch. He is simply one of the greatest role models that the sport has ever had, plus he contains less fat than a yoghurt.All eyes on a Wales second-rowScotland’s victory over Wales was very well deserved. Their pack dominated the ground, built and defended stacks of phases, and condemned Wales to their fifth loss in a row.Related: Scotland win in Wales for the first time since 2002However, it’s hard to ignore that the pre-match build-up, for many in Wales, was all about one Welsh second-row – Will Rowlands.Mainstream media obviously focused on Alun Wyn Jones’s stunning achievement in becoming the most-capped player in the history of the sport. But for the real Welsh rugby geeks, it was the other lock who got most attention.Big potential: Will Rowlands takes the ball into contact against Scotland (Getty Images)Rowlands is a rarity for Welsh rugby: he’s big. Not just ‘civilian walking down the street’ big, he’s rugby big. At 6ft 8in tall and pushing 20st, he has the type of size that countries with small playing populations just don’t produce. Every country can produce a stack of players who are 6ft 6in and 18st, but it’s only really England and South Africa who can consistently produce the Lord of the Rings players.Despite the loss, Rowland’s performance was promising, and he delivered a level of heavy carrying that Wales historically haven’t had access to. With one Welsh lock coming towards the end of one of the finest careers that the global game has ever seen, it is in Rowlands that many Welsh hopes lie.Caleb Clarke – the debut of debuts There have been plenty of outstanding Test debuts during October. Ireland’s Hugo Keenan and Will Connors both stood out against Italy, but even amongst these promising debuts Caleb Clarke’s stood out.We regularly see young players emerge at club level and instantly dominate. That is not the case at Test level, where looseheads are the speed of club-level flankers, flankers move like centres and wings cover the ground like something from a nature documentary.Yet Clarke made Test players look like kids. He is a legit triple-threat wing and even if you don’t fall for one of his feints, you’re ending up on YouTube, at best on the floor, at worst in tears.He beat 14 defenders in his debut, yup 14 – the last time we saw that many men badly beaten was in Goodfellas. The All Blacks have a reputation for military-grade wingers and Clarke sits amongst the best of them on debut.English Premiership worked out in the endWorking in professional sports administration over the past six months has been tricky to say the least. Donald Trump’s social media advisor has probably slept more soundly since March than those running rugby.The situation seemed particularly acute in the Gallagher Premiership, where every decision made was scrutinised to a level that was only possible because there were millions of rugby fans locked in their houses with nothing to do. But at the end of it all, the plan came together.That Exeter were able to win the title is all that really matters. They were the best team in England by some distance and added creativity in the backs to what was already a forward platform that could be called up alongside the Territorial Army should there be an invasion.That so few of their players are in the England squad remains a mystery, but thankfully the question over who is the best team in England has been answered. Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Paul Williams is back with his monthly review of the game’s big happenings England‘s inspiring Six Nations triumphWhilst all the other teams in the Six Nations promised hope and progression, some achieving that, some not, it was England who delivered what mattered – the title.It could be argued that this England win is one of the greatest in the tournament’s history, as for the first time, there were six opposing teams for England in this year’s competition – that additional team being Covid-19.Of course, all the teams had to deal with the pandemic, but none of the others had their first match after the break cancelled. To go cold into a must-win away match seems to have been overlooked by many.Their win in Italy has been labelled by some as uninspiring, but nothing is more inspiring than winning. In the end, England’s win in Italy was composed. A bonus-point victory against an Italian team that had radically improved their breakdown in one week should not be underestimated – many have failed to do that in the past. Title triumph: England captain Owen Farrell lifts the Six Nations trophy (Getty Images)
Houses Projects “COPY” Photographs: Youngchae ParkText description provided by the architects. The concept for this house came from the idea of ‘Sunday’. I used to meet the client and we would work together on Sundays, and so I wanted a house with a relaxed atmosphere like music for a Sunday afternoon.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkRecommended ProductsFiber Cements / CementsRieder GroupFacade Panels – concrete skinFiber Cements / CementsEQUITONEFiber Cement Facade Panel NaturaFiber Cements / CementsApavisaTiles – Nanofusion 7.0Fiber Cements / CementsSwisspearlSwisspearl Largo Fiber Cement PanelsThe house is situated in Gwangju (meaning ‘City of Light’ in Korean), which is the fifth biggest city in Korea, also known as the ‘city of art’ and the location for the Gwangju Biennale. The client of this house is a renowned artist in his 70s, famous for his modernist style paintings that deal with the concept of ‘family.’Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkTo meet the client in Gwangju, 300km away from Seoul, I used to take an express bus every Sunday morning and arrive around lunchtime. I would stroll around Mudeung-san’s hillside and return downtown for the meeting. While drinking a cup of coffee in a cafeteria near ChoSun University, I would be all-ears to the opinions of the client and his acquaintances – two retired professors, and one just before retirement, who looked like ‘gurus’ from the Korean movie ‘JeonWoochi’, released several years ago.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkWhenever I ride the express bus, I would sit at the front and listen to ‘gayageum san-jo’, traditional Korean music, for 3 hours. San-jo was a new music style that emerged from this country at the end of the 19th century. It was a time when the Joseon dynasty that lasted for almost 500 years, was in decline. The class system was dismantling, and a call for a new era that would replace the feudal system was surging. Therefore, San-jo is a healthy music style which reflects the social consciousness of the people and the time itself. While other traditional Korean music was for ceremonies or rituals and therefore putting function over sentiment, San-jo stresses the writer’s subjective interpretation and feelings, incorporating human emotion and thoughts into the music.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkThe melody of San-jo started in a slow tempo and got faster and faster, until it became comfortable to my ears and I fell asleep. The melody mingled with the land I saw, and the building that should be built on it came to me like in a dream, and I woke me up with the slow and relaxing finale by the time I got to Seoul. I thought that the house should resemble San-jo, whose simplicity contains three-dimensional diversity, showing continuous spatial flow as one goes deeper and deeper into the space.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkIt was my first visit to the mountain, though I have seen it from a distance. Gwangju and Mudeung-san have a special meaning more than just a city and the mountain that surrounds it. Although its slope is mostly gentle, Mudeung-san is 1,187m, which is very high for a mountain bordering a major city. Because it is mostly made of rocks, the mountain used to be called ‘Mudol-san’, which means sacred stone, but it changed to ‘Mudeung’, since it was affected by Chinese characters and Buddhism. The sight of Mudeung-san’s west hillside, where dozens of stone columns are standing in a row, is quite unusual. Mudeung-san is a strangely comfortable mountain; similar to Jiri-San but not muddy as such, decent but not as stubborn as BukHan-San in Seoul. It blows gentle breath into one’s pain.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkOnce I stepped into the land and looked around, I felt like the surrounding mountains were putting their arms around one another’s shoulders, as though they were doing vocal exercises. The land was all stones under a handful of soil and weed, and unctuous rocks were lying on the ground leisurely. Black, angled rocks, peculiar to Mudeung-san, were staring indifferently at people who were coming and going, and small streams on both sides of the land converged with each other. I wasn’t sure about the exact location of the land in Mudeung-san, but it felt similar to Silsang-sa in the middle of Jiri-san, except for the scale. An old apricot tree was standing in the middle of the land, and to the west were the 8 peaks of a mountain range that appeared to be walking in a line, which the client liked so much. There were numerous crape-myrtles bustling like Orc warriors on the west field.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkThe old artist, who bought this land when he was young, used to come here whenever he had time, to look at the range to the west as if he was listening to San-jo. He finally made a decision to build a house after 30 years. It took such a long time to build a small house of 15 pyeong (49.5m2), and its process was extremely difficult as well.Save this picture!Site Plan 01The main purposes for this house are firstly for painting, secondly for watching the walking mountains on the west, thirdly for the artist to watch with contentment his wife, son, daughter, and grandson, fourthly for looking at the handsome apricot tree that has been protecting this land for years, and last of all for beholding the surroundings of the huge rock next to the land where the house sits. Except for painting, which is active, every reason is passive. The act of ‘seeing’ is the main program of the house. Thus, the mass of the house has a simple plan, comprising of a studio-cum-living room, a bedroom, and a kitchen that bridges the two spaces and connects to the outside deck.Save this picture!© Youngchae ParkThe main view of this house is of course towards the 8 peaks walking together in the west. At first, from habit, I reduced the size of the window on the west side and put a large one on the south side so as to avoid the harsh afternoon sun, but the client, who favors the west view, strongly opposed, and so I decided to put a large window on the west side with confidence. Although the interior is compact, I installed pocket-like decks here and there on the exterior to accommodate diverse uses connected to the interior. The axis of entrance was designed so that the apricot tree, old but strong, and the pomegranate tree, which recalls the works of Giacometti, would be inserted into each other’s scene, as if two different scales were meeting whenever one enters or exits.Save this picture!Plan 01I considered the rock in the front yard to be the small tip of a huge rock underneath, so the house would be ‘the house on the rock’. Numerous rocks came out during construction, and since it was prohibited to take the rocks of Mudeung-san anywhere else, it took some time for me and the client to figure out a solution. Eventually, we put a huge pine tree in the background and the client himself placed rocks as if he was painting on a canvas.Save this picture!North Elevation 01To summarize, this project was nothing but sitting a small house on a hillside where rocks are scattered. The client, who has overcome childhood hardships and become a successful artist, thinks the bond between family members and friends is the most important. That may be why the rocks standing in the middle of Mudeung-san, a land that makes people happy just by looking at it, look like grown-up children. The house is standing just like them, anchorined on the hard ground, like a rock that has always been there.Save this picture!South Elevation 01Project gallerySee allShow lessWine Concept Store / COMPLEX CITYArticlesSingapore University of Technology and Design – Student Housing and Sports Complex /…Articles Share House of San-jo / studio_GAON CopyAbout this officestudio_GAONOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesGwangjuSouth KoreaPublished on July 30, 2012Cite: “House of San-jo / studio_GAON” 30 Jul 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. The publication of the hub’s business plan has drawn a number of criticisms of the way in which ChangeUp money awarded by the Home Office will be spent. Two thirds of the £4 million allocated will be used by the five core partners awarded the funding, namely NCVO, NACVS, AbilityNet, Lasa and IT4Communities. ICT hub website budget raises concerns Howard Lake | 19 November 2005 | News The budget of £246,950 to build the Information Communication Technology (ICT) hub’s website, as detailed in the recently published hub business plan, has sparked criticism from some IT experts, according to Third Sector.Stuart Johnson, managing director of ichameleon, the web strategy company, said he would be”staggered” if a client in the private or voluntary sector had asked him to develop a website for even half of the figure contained in the business plan.However, Nicky Thompson, hub project manager, justified the budget’s size in the Lasa online forum, pointing out that it was a major project involving new content, a knowledge base, and a supplier directory. Advertisement AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 18 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Digital Finance
Football Foundation launches redeveloped website The Football Foundation, which says it is the UK’s largest sports charity, has launched a redeveloped website which it hopes will help reduce the time it takes to get a grant by 50%.New features on the site include a facility for online applications where users can save half-completed work and return to complete it later.The site features information about the funding opportunities offered by the Foundation, such as building or upgrading sports facilities, running community projects or free kit and equipment for junior teams. Advertisement Tagged with: Digital Minister for Sport Gerry Sutcliffe MP has welcome the new site, saying: “The Football Foundation has already supported projects worth over £500 million since 2000, with the introduction of a new website and online application process, even more communities will be able to access their funding than ever before.”The Football Foundation is dedicated to revitalising the grass roots of the game, constructing modern football facilities, developing football as a force for social cohesion and as a vehicle for education in communities throughout the country. Funded by the FA Premier League, The Football Association, Sports England and the Government, the Football Foundation has a £45 million budget “going straight into the heart of football”. Howard Lake | 2 November 2007 | News About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. 26 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis
22 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: Individual giving Howard Lake | 30 June 2008 | News Marketing Independent Schools in the 21st Century About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Pinterest 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Twitter WhatsApp Pinterest Previous articleCllr Frank McBrearty accuses senior Gardai of not listening to Councillor’s concernsNext articleLatest Live Register figures indicate level of youth emigration in Donegal News Highland Police in appeal following vicious assault on man in Derry Detectives in Foyle are appealing for information after a man viciously assaulted in Derry.The man was found injured in the city centre shortly before 4am on June 30th.An ambulance crew picked up the man at Waterloo Place however it is not clear if that is where he was attacked.The man was left with head injuries including a broken nose, jaw and eye socket.Anyone who was in the area of Waterloo Place around that time and could help police with their enquiries is asked to telephone Strand Road.Meanwhile, A 25 year old man is expected to appear at Derry MC today (July 4th) charged with aggravated burglary, making threats to kill, criminal damage and possession of an offensive weapon.The charges relate to a domestic incident in the city on July 3rd. Facebook Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th By News Highland – July 4, 2013 Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Twitter Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Facebook Google+ Google+ News
News UpdatesLaw Students Seek Cancellation Of Final Year Examinations; Bombay HC Seeks Reply From State, UGC, BCI Nitish Kashyap18 July 2020 8:12 AMShare This – xThe Bombay High Court on Friday sought a reply from the State of Maharashtra, University Grants Commission and Bar Council of India in a PIL filed by a law student seeking cancellation of final year examinations during the ongoing pandemic of Covid-19. A Division bench of Chief Justice Dipankar Datta and Justice Anuja Prabhudessai directed the State, BCI and UGC to file…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Bombay High Court on Friday sought a reply from the State of Maharashtra, University Grants Commission and Bar Council of India in a PIL filed by a law student seeking cancellation of final year examinations during the ongoing pandemic of Covid-19. A Division bench of Chief Justice Dipankar Datta and Justice Anuja Prabhudessai directed the State, BCI and UGC to file their affidavit-in-reply by next Friday, i.e. July 24 and scheduled the next hearing for July 31. The petitioner, Samarvir Singh, a fourth year law student from Government Law College, Mumbai and contends in the PIL that if the said examinations are conducted, Students will be missing out on applying for higher studies or joining firms/advocates from where they have received a job offer or to begin with preparations for competitive examinations. “Students who have secured admissions in post-graduate courses in Indian as well as foreign universities would be losing a year as they would not be able to submit their degree well in time”, the plea said. Meanwhile, in a separate matter before the same bench, a writ petition filed by fifth year law students Avirup Mandal, Onkar Wable, Swapnil Dhage, Tejas Mane and Surbhi Agarwal seeking cancellation of final year examinations and urgent declaration of results was heard. Additionally, an Intervention Application has also been filed in support of the Maharashtra Government’s GR dated June 19, 2020 wherein the State Disaster Management Authority had decided to cancel final year exams for those not willing to appear for the same amidst the pandemic. Earlier, the said GR was challenged in a PIL filed by one Dhananjay Kulkarni. During the hearing on Friday in Kulkarni’s PIL before the bench headed by Chief Justice Dipankar Datta, Advocate General Ashutosh Kumbhakoni clarified the stand of the state that no exams, whether it be professional courses or non-professional courses, will be held in Maharashtra during the present situation. Petitioner students challenged the UGC Revised Guidelines along with the notification of the Bar Council of India which asked for conducting of exams during the current pandemic. Additional Solicitor General Anil Singh appeared on behalf of the Union of India and UGC. He sought time to file an affidavit in reply. On the other hand, Advocate Yashodeep Deshmukh along with Advocate Akshay Kapadia appeared for the final year law students, who were also intervenors in the said matter. Advocate Uday Warunjikar who appears for the main petitioner Dhananjay Kulkarni did not seriously oppose the petition. Thus, the intervention application by law students was allowed by the bench. Along with the same, their substantive writ petition was tagged along with the ongoing matter. Petitioner students claim to enjoy the support of over 500 final year students from various streams and contended that many of these students, including the petitioners are looking forward to applying for universities in India and abroad for higher education for which they urgently require results to be declared at the earliest. Adv Warunjikar sought leave to add the Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India and the State Disaster Management Authority as additional respondents in the PIL, which was granted by the Court. Moreover, since an affidavit has been submitted on behalf of the State and a copy has been provided to the petitioner’s advocate, Adv Warunjikar sought a week’s time to file the rejoinder affidavit, which was granted. Expressing concern regarding the rising number of positive coronavirus cases in Mumbai and Maharashtra in general, the petitioners argue- “Looking at the present situation of the COVID-19 outbreak, it is argued that the students living in faraway districts of Maharashtra or those coming from other states will find it extremely difficult to travel and later find a place for residence as tens of hostels have already been acquired by the Government as Institutional Quarantine Centres. Maharashtra alone has over 12,000 containment zones.” The next date of hearing in this case as well is July 31, 2020.Click Here To Download Petition[Read Petition]Next Story
ColumnsAbuse Of Dominant Position In The Smart TV Market: Antitrust Case Against Google Parnika Agnihotri9 Oct 2020 10:54 PMShare This – xAccording to a report from Reuters, a new antitrust case against Google has been filled in Competition Commission of India. In this case it is alleged that google has abused its dominant position in the smart TV market by blocking the companies who want to create or modify android system. However, the case is in its preliminary stage and allegations are yet to be reviewed by the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginAccording to a report from Reuters, a new antitrust case against Google has been filled in Competition Commission of India. In this case it is alleged that google has abused its dominant position in the smart TV market by blocking the companies who want to create or modify android system. However, the case is in its preliminary stage and allegations are yet to be reviewed by the members and chairperson of CCI also no orders of any investigations are given. This is not the first time when Google is facing charges of abuse of dominant position, earlier in 2018 CCI found abusing of its dominant position by creating “search bias”, which created uneven market by creating favour for its service and partners through manipulating its search result and giving advantage to vertical or sponsored sites. Based on the investigation report and various evidence CCI observed and affirmed that Google has a dominant position in the relevant market and was abused by it. Although there is stranding presence of other competitors as well such as Yahoo! and Microsoft Bing, however tailored result by google through its vertical sites such as Google News, Google flight, Google Map etc. have made the results biased and created a deviation from the mechanism of ‘Universal results and Common units”. Hence the CCI found the act anticompetitive in terms of Section 4(2)(a)(i), 4(2)(b)(ii), 4(2)(c) and 4(2)(e) of the Competition Act,2002. CCI in the above case had relied upon the case Excel Crop Care Ltd v. CCI( 2017)8 SCC 47, where an exemplary penalty of Rs 135.86 crore @5percent of it average revenue generated from India operation for the FY 2013- 2014 and 2014-2015 was imposed for having anti-trust conduct. Similarly, in August 2018, Google was fined 4.34 billion Euros by European Union for conducting antitrust activity. In this case, it was alleged that Google has used Android as a vehicle to cement the dominant position of its search engine, moreover pre-installed android operating system blocks rivals to innovate and compete on the merits. So, in the light of above-mentioned cases pertaining abuse of dominant position by Google it becomes important to know that what is so peculiar in digital market which creates blockade for other rival companies or new companies to enter into the market. If we dig into the concept of Abuse of dominant position then it is important to understand that dominant position per se does not constitute abuse of dominance. There has to be existence of 4 elements in order to constituent a case under section 4 of The Competition Act 2002. First, it is necessary to establish the existence of dominant position held by a firm or group of firm and this dominant position has to be in “relevant market” therefore delineation of relevant market is critical to the sound development of most competition law cases. White as well as Anderson, Daniel and Heimler have identifies Small but Significant Non Transitory Increase in Price (SSNIP) test as “the test” to determine the relevant market where the determination is whether customer can easily switch to an alternative product or another supplier, if answer is affirmative then alternative product or source of supply is included in relevant market for the case. Once the relevant market and dominant position is determined then the question of investigating into the activity and its adverse effect on other competitors is taken into account. In digital market the one peculiar feature which makes it different from Neo classical approach of business is “Data” as it is rightly said by Clive Humby in 2006 that ” Data is the new oil” seems very true in the business of digital platform. For example, as discussed above Google gives its Android operating system free of charge to mobile telephone manufacture thereby enabling it to collect user data. In addition, Google provides many services such as search engine, cloud computing where by it collect the data and sell it to advertising company which then make tailored advertisement for user, this attracts user and increase advertising revenue. As a result even if there is any other service provider might not get that much revenue as a result a barrier for innovation gets created. Access and control of data confers market power as a result firms compete for market as “winner takes all”. In data driven economy the sunk cost is in innovation and then once the innovator manages to make its position by collecting relevant data it creates a blockade for other new as well as existing competitors to enter or survive in the market. Where the question of survival comes in then competing on fair terms goes out. Therefore, in the present case of Google before CCI regarding Smart TV market, a crucial question which needs to be address is that “Whether there is any way by which a balance situation can be created between Google and other competing firms in the relevant market?” If we go by Locke’s labour theory then there is no harm in enjoying the fruits of labour by Google. However, if we take Rawl’s theory of justice then there has to be just and fair situation in the market for others to compete. It can be concluded that recent competition cases show that competition law frameworks and enforcement need to be adapted in respect of features and business models of digital platforms. Therefore, it becomes important for competition authority to broaden the consumer welfare standards and go beyond prices and market share consideration while deciding the cases on abuse of dominant position in digital platform. Competition authority also keep objective of saving other firms which are in competition with big sharks of digital market ocean. This need is in all over the globe hence it becomes important for competition authority to discuss multilaterally and resort to some minimum standard to deal with negative outcomes which may arise by digital economy.Views are personal only.(Author is a Post Graduate (Business Law) Student at NLSIU, Banglore) Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. 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